Use of Leisure Facilities and Wellbeing of Adult Caregivers

The current research examines leisure facility use as a moderator of the negative association of caregiving demands with wellbeing among informal caregivers. In accordance with the leisure constraints model, the study also explores the role of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural factors that may constrain or facilitate caregivers’ us of leisure infrastructure. Data were collected as part of a survey conducted by the Canadian Index of Wellbeing in three communities. Results showed that greater use of leisure facilities buffered the association of greater hours of care with lower levels of mental and physical wellbeing for informal caregivers. Attitudes toward leisure, sense of community, and facility accessibility all positively predicted caregivers’ use of leisure facilities. The results suggest that leisure infrastructure plays an important role in supporting wellbeing among caregivers and identify three types of constraints to consider when supporting caregivers’ use of leisure facilities in their communities.

The Happiness Alliance's Happiness index was used for the study:

Measures of wellbeing. Wellbeing was measured using two items borrowed from the Happiness Initiative Survey (Howell, deGraaf,Musikanski, & Godzikoskaya, 2011), which is based on the 2010 Survey on Gross National Happiness of Bhutan (Ura, Alkire, Zangmo, & Wangdi, 2012). Participants were asked to rate on a 7-point scale from “extremely dissatisfied” (value = 1) to “extremely satisfied” (value = 7) their satisfaction with their mental wellbeing and their physical wellbeing. Analyses were conducted for each of these two outcome variables separately

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